Why does New Zealand have high skin cancer rates?

Why do Australia and New Zealand have high skin cancer rates?

New Zealand is located under more of the ozone hole than Australia and is also less polluted, allowing more UV through the atmosphere. Over the years Australians have become more aware of the dangers of melanoma and have adopted a ‘SunSmart’ approach due to on-going skin cancer prevention campaigns.

What is the reason for the increase in rates of skin cancer?

The increase in the incidence of skin cancer can be mainly attributed to the use of artificial sunlamps and intense exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light (Bologniaetal.,2012).

What country has the highest skin cancer rate?

There were nearly 300,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of melanoma of the skin in 2018 are given in the tables below.

Skin cancer rates: both sexes.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Australia 33.6
2 New Zealand 33.3
3 Norway 29.6
4 Denmark 27.6

Who is most prone to skin cancer?

People who live in areas with bright, year-round sunlight, or those who spend a lot of time outdoors without protective clothing or sunscreen, are at greater risk. Early exposure, particularly for people who had frequent sunburns as a child, also increases skin cancer risks.

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Who gets skin cancer the most?

Skin cancer

  • Skin cancer can affect anyone, regardless of skin color. …
  • Skin cancer rates are higher in women than in men before age 50, but are higher in men after age 50, which may be related to differences in recreation and work-related UV exposure. …
  • Melanoma is the second most common form of cancer in females age 15-29.

Is the sun stronger in New Zealand than Australia?

There is a strong latitudinal gradient UVI. Consequently, the mean UVI in New Zealand is significantly less than in Australia, but is about twice as much as in the UK, which spans a range of much higher latitudes.

Why is sunburn worse in Australia?

During summer, the Earth’s orbit brings Australia closer to the sun (as compared to Europe during its summer), resulting in an additional 7% solar UV intensity. Coupled with our clearer atmospheric conditions, this means that Australians are exposed to up to 15% more UV than Europeans.

Why does Australia have a hole in the ozone layer?

As sun-loving Australians, we’re all too familiar with the damage UV can cause. During the 1980s, scientists discovered that key ODSs known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) caused significant damage to the ozone layer. … This resulted in the so-called ‘hole in the ozone layer’.