What is gram mole?
(Often called gram-molecular weight.) A mass of a substance in grams numerically equal to its molecular weight. Example: A gram-mole of salt (NaCl) is 58.44 grams.
Is a mole one gram?
The mole is related to the mass of an element in the following way: one mole of carbon-12 atoms has 6.02214076 × 1023 atoms and a mass of 12 grams. In comparison, one mole of oxygen consists, by definition, of the same number of atoms as carbon-12, but it has a mass of 15.999 grams.
What is the relation between mole and gram?
Because of the way in which the mole is defined, for every element the number of grams in a mole is the same as the number of atomic mass units in the atomic mass of the element. For example, the mass of 1 mol of magnesium (atomic mass = 24.305 amu) is 24.305 g.
What is the difference between gram and gram per mole?
Answer: The mole is the base unit of amount of substance (“number of substance”) in the International System of Units (SI), defined as exactly 6.02214076×1023 particles, e.g., atoms, molecules, ions or electrons. … Thus, for example, 1 mole of MgBr2 is 1 gram-molecule of MgBr2 but 3 gram-atoms of MgBr2.
Which is bigger mole or gram?
Because different molecules and atoms do not have the same mass, one mole of one thing does not weigh the same as one mole of something else. … One amu is equal to one gram per mole. This means that if an atom has a mass of one amu, one mole of this atom weighs one gram.
Why is a mole 6.022 x10 23?
The mole (abbreviated mol) is the SI measure of quantity of a “chemical entity,” such as atoms, electrons, or protons. It is defined as the amount of a substance that contains as many particles as there are atoms in 12 grams of pure carbon-12. So, 1 mol contains 6.022×1023elementary entities of the substance.
What is the difference between mole and equivalent?
By this definition, the number of equivalents of a given ion in a solution is equal to the number of moles of that ion multiplied by its valence. … (The valency of calcium is 2, so for that ion 1 mole is 2 equivalents.)
How many moles are in a gram?
Divide the mass of the substance in grams by its molecular weight. This will give you the number of moles of that substance that are in the specified mass. For 12 g of water, (25 g)/(18.015 g/mol) = 0.666 moles.
How do you find moles from grams and molar mass?
There are three steps to converting moles of a substance to grams: Determine how many moles are given in the problem. Calculate the molar mass of the substance.
- Get the moles: …
- Get the molar mass: …
- Following step three, we obtain: 2.50 moles x 122.550 g/mole = 306.375 grams.