What body system does atopic dermatitis affect?
Eczema (also called atopic dermatitis) is a condition that causes your skin to become dry, red, itchy and bumpy. It’s one of many types of dermatitis. Eczema damages the skin barrier function (the “glue” of your skin). This loss of barrier function makes your skin more sensitive and more prone to infection and dryness.
What body system is affected by eczema?
Eczema affects your skin. The disease usually causes red, inflamed patches that are accompanied by intense itching. This reaction has been linked to a malfunction in the body’s immune system. People with eczema have lower levels of a particular cytokine (a protein), which helps their immune system function properly.
What part of the body is most affected by dermatitis?
Children, teenagers and adults who have eczema are most commonly affected on the backs of their knees, the insides of their elbows and the back of the neck. The itchy rash may also develop on the palms of their hands and soles of their feet. It rarely affects the face.
How does atopic dermatitis affect the nervous system?
Many neurotransmitters and nerve growth factors that are released in blood or skin are involved in neurogenic inflammation, which dramatically enhance the inflammation induced by immune cells. During times of stress, their release is highly enhanced.
What are some integumentary system diseases?
- Acne. What is acne? …
- Alopecia Areata. What is alopecia areata? …
- Atopic Dermatitis. What is atopic dermatitis? …
- Epidermolysis Bullosa. What is epidermolysis bullosa? …
- Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) …
- Ichthyosis. …
- Pachyonychia Congenita. …
What parts of the integumentary system are affected by eczema?
The dermis, or innermost layer, is responsible for providing structure and support to the skin. Eczema is believed to arise when the body’s immune system is triggered into an abnormal, overactive, inflammatory response that involves both the epidermis and the dermis.
How does eczema affect the skeletal system?
Eczema is frequently treated with topical and systemic corticosteroids, which can cause bone loss, making bones more susceptible to fractures. The painful condition is linked to increased tobacco and alcohol use.
Can eczema affect your internal organs?
Atopic dermatitis also affects the immune system, he says, which puts patients at risk for internal infections, including those of the upper respiratory tract and urinary tract.
How does eczema affect the immune system?
People with eczema tend to have an over-reactive immune system. When triggered by a substance inside or outside the body, the immune system responds by producing inflammation. It is this inflammatory response that causes the itchy, painful, rash-like symptoms common to several types of eczema.
Where is dermatitis found in the body?
Where does dermatitis form on the body? The location of your dermatitis depends on the type. For example, atopic dermatitis can appear anywhere on your skin. But, in teens and adults, it’s typically on the hands, inner elbows, neck, knees, ankles, feet and around the eyes.
Can dermatitis spread to other parts of the body?
Irritant Contact Dermatitis should not spread. The irritant affects the area where it came in contact with the skin. If the rash spreads to other parts of the body, you may have an Allergic Contact Dermatitis reaction. This type of contact dermatitis is immune-related and can spread away from the site of the rash.
What are the main causes of dermatitis?
A common cause of dermatitis is contact with something that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction — for example, poison ivy, perfume, lotion and jewelry containing nickel.